Cadence is committed to keeping design teams highly productive. A range of support offerings and processes helps Cadence users focus on reducing time-to-market and achieving silicon success. Overview
- Acquire DDR simulation results and accurately predict simultaneous switching noise
- Analyze compliance with DDR4, LPDDR4, and other memory interfaces
- Predict the BER
- Convert transitor-level SPICE models to power-aware IBIS models
The system engineer responsible for IO-SSO and the effects it has on the DDR memory system will be happy to know that all the technology needed for successful simulation is now available in a single suite of analysis tools, the Cadence® IO-SSO Analysis Suite.
Figure 1. Cadence IO-SSO Analysis Flow
While the system designer is responsible for looking at the various topologies and analyzing the effects of simultaneous switching outputs, there are a number of interconnect models required to perform effective simulations. In addition, the simulations will be much faster if performed with power-aware signal integrity (SI) models over transistor-level SPICE models. The IO-SSO Analysis Suite allows the designer to start with native design files for the I/O, chip, package, and PCB, and either convert or extract those models into a format that can be dropped into the Sigrity™ SystemSI™ topology editor.
Figure 2. Die-to-die DDR4/LPDDR4 configuration in Sigrity SystemSI
Once the models are in the system topology editor, the system designer goes through a process of connecting the models together. This process includes the connections for signal, power, and ground. When the models are extracted using the Sigrity XcitePI™, XtractIM™, and PowerSI® technologies, model connection protocol (MCP) headers will appear in each model, making the connectivity much more intuitive.
Figure 3. MCP file headers allow the MCP editor to quickly connect interconnect models
With the models connected in the topology editor, DDR simulation results can be acquired. With power-aware IBIS models and interconnect models with coupled signal, power, and ground, the simulation will include noise-causing ground bounce and power droop. With simultaneous switching outputs, noisy power and ground rails will actually change the waveforms of the signals. Only with this accurate simulation of signal, power, and ground can accurate prediction of simultaneous switching noise be accomplished.
Figure 4. Power-aware time domain waveform results seen in Sigrity SystemSI
With accurate waveform capture, the SystemSI technology will carefully analyze the data and report back the compliance with DDR4, LPDDR4, and other popular memory interfaces. Captured in HTML format, the report data includes compliance criteria for waveform quality, eye quality, timing, and delay.
Figure 5. Detailed HTML reports provide pass/fail criteria based on industry-standard compliance specifications
New to DDR and LPDDR compliance is the bit error rate (BER) test that is now part of the DDR4 and LPDDR4 compliance requirements. Using techniques made popular in Serial Link compliance testing, the SystemSI technology can run millions of data bits on each signal and predict the bit error rate.
Figure 6. Bathtub curve used for BER calculations as seen in SystemSI
The IO-SSO Analysis Suite from Cadence provides an accurate and complete solution from a single EDA vendor. Given the design data for the chip, package, and PCB, a user of the IO-SSO Analysis Suite can extract all the fabrics into broadband interconnect models where signal, power, and ground are all coupled. In addition, transistor-level SPICE models can be converted to power-aware IBIS models. With the I/O and interconnect models, DDR simulations can be run where the effects of simultaneous switching outputs are considered in the compliance criteria. Analysis data can be trusted as signoff quality as all the effects from non-ideal power and ground have been considered.
Get the most out of your investment in Cadence technologies through a wide range of training offerings. We offer instructor-led classes at our training centers or at your site. We also offer self-paced online courses. Overview